The Appeal of Jews Societies and Organisations of Ukrainian Nationaists’ Heroism as a View in History
Today, Ukrainian-Israeli relations are characterized by a certain coolness and extremely limited statements. Against the background of Russian aggression, Israel's position on the war in Ukraine is a cautious diplomatic game, on the one hand, expressing support for the sovereignty of Ukraine, on the other – refusing to provide heavy weapons to fight against Russian troops that have launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Not the last role in the diplomatic relations between the states was played by the factor of historical memory, which is determined by Israel's stereotypical ideas about the anti-Semitism of the Ukrainian people, despite the fact that Ukraine itself occupies one of the leading positions in terms of the number of righteous people in the world who saved the lives of Jews during the Nazi occupation of Ukraine. The purpose of the article is an attempt to solve the problem of Ukrainian anti-Semitism and the formation of a mistaken attitude of Jews to Ukrainian nationalism using one example from recent history. The main results of the research are that the modern social relations of Ukrainians and Jews of Ukraine, which are transferred to the plane of foreign relations, are built on the basis of historical prejudices. The erroneous interpretation of Ukrainian nationalists as anti-Semites, one-sidedness in the perception of reality leads to speculation about the state policy of Ukraine in matters of national consciousness. Reviewing the history of Ukrainians and Jews allows us to clearly answer questions about anti-Semitism and destroy stereotypes. The conclusions of the research are responded to the set goal and the proposed hypothesis of the research. It has been proven that the history of relations between Ukrainians and Jews was complex, filled with conflicts and manifestations of violence on both sides. At the same time, manifestations of mass anti-Semitism of Ukrainian nationalists are denied. Contrary to erroneous judgments, the facts of the hiding of Jews among Ukrainian nationalists, the forgery of passports and peaceful co-existence in the 20th century are cited. The originality of the study lies in the successful combination of the historical and modern components of the problem, which can serve as a source for studying the foreign relations of both states. The novelty of the analytical study clearly follows from the presented material – an attempt to review the history of relations between two peoples in Ukrainian history to explain contemporary social challenges.
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