Information Characteristics for Judicative Documentation of the end the 18th – beginning of the 19th centuries for the Investigation of the History of Everyday Life in the Southern Ukraine


Social history (the history of everyday life) is a popular trend in modern Ukrainian historical studies. At the same time, it should be noted the studies aimed at the research of everyday life, life, stereotypes, incidents, personal life have an integrated nature. The proposed topic covers a short period of time, which was due to the introduction in the territory of Southern Ukraine of a new judicial system in accordance with the Provisions on Provinces of 1775. Thus, the judicial instances of Yekaterinoslav governorship (1783–1796), later of the Novorossiysk province (1796–1802) are under review. The region is vast, heterogeneous in various indicators. The purpose of the article is to determine the characteristics of different types of forensic documentation, which have the greatest information potential in studying the problems of everyday life of people of the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. The source base are the materials of judicial institutions of the region, ranging from the county level (district courts, magistrates, reprisals) to provincial ones (high district court, high reprisal, provincial magistrate, conscientious court, court chamber and reprisals). The task is to characterize the different types of sources used to disclose the topic; to highlight the scenes that are most clearly presented in these documents. The main results. Characteristics of the following types of court documentation are given: journals (meetings, minutes, decisions); property registries; petitions; interrogations; extracts of cases. As an exception, personal letters are mentioned that were used as evidence at courts. The methods of hermeneutics are of great importance, since due to the lack of other sources, clearly formulated questions and a careful reading of the available documents for the formation of ideas about the era are crucially important. It has been noted that the functioning of the judicial system itself provides facts for the study of the stated topic. According to the approaches of the German sociologist N. Elias in the history of everyday life such category as "working day" is considered. It was at a specified time that the bureaucratic apparatus of the region was emerging with a new bureaucracy and its work schedule, which set a certain rhythm of the life of county and provincial cities. The conclusion is made about the possibility of studying, clarifying individual plots on the history of everyday life of almost all segments of the population (to a lesser extent, peasants). It is noted that criminal cases have a wider social variety. The life of the nobility is characterized primarily by documents of civil proceedings (inheritance division, disputes over land). They demonstrate the household side in the process of distribution and delimitation of land, which Southern Ukraine was experiencing during this period. There are two traditions at the cultural and legal levels: one appeals to the norms of the Lithuanian Statute of 1588 (in counties that have moved away from the territory of the former Hetmanate), the other to Russian imperial legislation. The documents of the judicial instances of the region confirm the fact of quite a high mobility of the population within southern Ukraine; point at the development of modern processes (including their negative manifestations in the form of rising crime); allow us to see the ugly side of the daily life of an individual at that time. Article type: analytical.

Author Biography

Olha M. Posunko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

PhD in History, Associate Professor, Doctoral student at the Department of History of Ukraine of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University


Abrosymova, S. V., 1999. Pryvatne lystuvannya katerynoslavsʼkoho dvoryanstva XIX stolittya: (Do pytannya dzhereloznavchoho doslidzhennya epistolyarnykh pam"yatok) [Private correspondence of the Katerynoslav nobility in the 19th century (On the question of source study of epistolary)]. Pivdenna Ukrayina. Zapysky naukovo-doslidnoyi laboratoriyi istoriyi Pivdennoyi Ukrayiny ZDU [Notes from the ZSU History Research Laboratory of Southern Ukraine], issue 4(5), pp. 115–124 (in Ukrainian).

Aurova, N. N., 2010. Ot kadeta do generala. Povsednevnaya zhiznʼ russkogo ofitsera v kontse XVІІІ – pevoy polovine XIX veka [From a cadet to the general. Everyday life of the Russian officer at the end of 18 century – in the first half 19 centuries]. Moskow: Novyy khronograf (in Russian).

Belye zhurnaly 1795 goda Donetskogo uezdnogo suda [White magazines of the Donetsk district court]. Fund 1831. Inventory 1. File 21. Kyiv: Central State Historical Archives of Ukraine in Kyiv (TsDIAK of Ukraine).

Buryak, L., 2003. Povsyakdenne zhyttya kozatsʼkoyi elity Livoberezhnoyi Ukrayiny u KhVIII st. krizʼ pryzmu materialʼnoho svitu [Everyday life of the Cossack elite of the Left-Bank Ukraine in the XVIII century from the perspective of the material world]. Sotsium. Alʼmanakh sotsialʼnoyi istoriyi [SOCIUM. Almanac of Social History], issue 2, pp. 197–206 (in Ukrainian).

Ginzburg, C., 2004. Primety. Ulikovaya paradigma i ee korni [Signs. Ulician paradigm and its roots]. In: Ginzburg, C., 2004. Mify – emblemy – primety. Morfologiya i istoriya [Мiti emblemi spie. Мorfologia e storia]. Moscow: Novoe izdatelʼstvo (in Russian).

Horobets, V., senior ed., 2012. Praktyky, kazusy ta deviatsiyi povsyakdennya [Practices, Incidents, and Deviations in Everyday Life]. In: Smoliy, V. I., ed. in chief, 2012. Povsyakdennya rannʼomodernoyi Ukrayiny [Everyday Life of Early Modern Ukraine]. Historical Studies in 2 volumes. Kyiv: Institute of Ukrainian History National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vol. 1 (in Ukrainian).

Horobets, V., senior ed., 2013. Svit rechey i povsyakdennykh uyavlenʼ [The world of objects and everyday ideas]. In: Smoliy, V. I., ed. in chief, 2012. Povsyakdennya rannʼomodernoyi Ukrayiny [Everyday Life of Early Modern Ukraine]. Historical Studies in 2 volumes. Kyiv: Institute of Ukrainian History National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, vol. 2 (in Ukrainian).

Delo o krepostnoy krestʼyanke g. Slavyanska Efimovoy, obvinyaemoy v popytke otravitʼ svoyu pomeshchitsu [The case of a serf peasant Efimova from the town of Slavyansk, accused of trying to poison his landowner], 1794–1795. Fund 1853. Inventory 1. File 175. Kyiv: TsDIAK of Ukraine.

Delo o naznachenii opekunami nad maloletnimi detʼmi umershego mayora Vasiliya Staritskogo… v Khorolʼskom, Poltavskom i Gradizhskom uezdakh [The case on the appointment of guardians for children of V. Starickiy… in Khorol, Poltava and Gradizhsk counties], 1795–1797. Fund 375. Inventory. 2. File 48 Dnіpro: State Archives of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (DADO).

Delo o nesovershennoletney devke N. Voykovne, prislannoy iz Poltavskogo nizhnego zemskogo suda, rodivshey vne braka rebenka i neizvestno gde detogo [The case of a minor girl N. Voikovna sent from the Poltava Lower Zemsky Court, having given birth to a child out of wedlock and no one knows where the child is], 1793. Fund 467. Op. Inventory 1. File 16. Dnіpro: DADO.

Delo o podsudimom porutchike Ilʼmi Agy suzhden-nom za smertnoe ubivstvo [The trial of I. Aga, the sus-pect in the murder], 1797. Fund 859. Inventory 1. File 12. Dnіpro: DADO.

Delo o proshenii sekund-mayorshi Varvary Fedorovny Maksimovich o vydelenii ey nedopoluchennoy chasti nasledstva, ostavlennogo pokoynym ottsom, bunchuvovym tovarishchem Fedorom Fedorovychem Leventsom [The case of the petition of seconds-major Varvara Fedorovna Maksimovich about the allocation to her of the lost part of the inheritance left by the late father, Bunchuk comrade Fedor Fedorovich Levenets], 1790–1792. Fund 375. Inventory 2. File 29. Dnipro: DADO.

Delo o razboynikakh pomeshchichʼikh poddannykh Ignatii Cherednchenke, Yakove Sribnyake i Aleksee Klevtse, suzhdennykh za raznye grabitelʼstva i smertnye ubiystva [The case of the robbers of the landlord subjects Ignatius Cherednchenko, Jacob Sribnyak and Alexei Klevets, convicted of various robberies and death killings], 1799. Fund 859. Inventory 1. File 39. Dnіpro: DADO.

Delo po obvineniyu zhiteley sela Dikanʼka Poltavskogo uezda devitsy Matreny Tokarenkovoy, ee materi Evdokii, babki Nastasʼi Kalʼnichki v umershchvlenii nezakonno prizhitogo mladentsa [The trial of women from village Dikanʼka for the killing of an illegitimate child], 1787. F. 375. Op. 2. Spr. 20. Dnіpro: DADO.
Delo po obvineniyu Lomovoy Ekateriny v moshennichestve [The case on charges of Catherine Lomova in fraud], 1790 g. Fund 467. Inventory 1. File 30. Dnіpro: DADO.

Delo s zhaloboy vdovy Rudenkovoy Ulʼyany Petrovny na svoikh pasynkov Luku i Fedora, zavladevshikh imeniem, prinadlezhavshim ee muzhu [The case with the complaint of widow Rudenkova Ulyana Petrovna against her stepsons Luka and Fedor, who took possession of the estate belonging to her husband], 1791–1792. Fund 375. Inventory 2. File 35. Dnіpro: DADO.

Denysyuk, V. V., 2017. Pryvatnyy epistolyariy XVIII st.: komunikatyvno-prahmatynchyy status frazeolohizmiv [Private epistolary of the 18th century: communicative-pragmatic status of idioms]]. Naukovi pratsi Kam"yanetsʼ-Podilʼsʼkoho natsionalʼnoho universytetu imeni Ivana Ohiyenka. Filolohichni nauky [Scientific papers of Kamianets–Podilsky Ivan Ohiyenko National University: Philological Sciences], issue 44, pp. 116–120 (in Ukrainian).

Ekaterinoslavskogo namestnichestva verkhniy zemskiy sud. Opisʼ del [Ekaterinoslav Verkhniy Zemsky court. Registry of cases] 1784 – 1797. Fund 1684. Inven-tory 2. File 889. Dnipro: DADO.

Efremova, N. N., 1993. Sudoustroystvo Rossii v XVІІІ – pervoy polovine XІX v. (istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie) [The judicial system of Russia is in the 18th – in the first half of the 19th centuries (historical and legal research)]. Moskow: Nauka (in Russian).

Zhurnal Bakhmutskogo uezdnogo suda [Journal of the Bakhmut Uyezd Court], 1787. Fund 1821. Inventory 1. File 13. Kyiv: TsDIAK of Ukraine.

Zhurnal Bakhmutskogo uezdnogo suda [Journal of the Bakhmut Uyezd Court], 1799. Fund 1821. Inventory 1. File 73. Kyiv: TsDIAK of Ukraine.

Zhurnal zasedaniy Elenskogo i Olʼgopolʼskogo uezdnogo suda [The session log of the Elensk and Olʼgopolʼ court], 1796. Fund. 473. Inventory 1. File 2. Mykolaiv: The State Archives of Mykolaiv Oblast.

Zhurnal resheniy Donetskogo uezdnogo suda [The Journal of decisions of Donetsk Uyezd Court] 1786 g. Kyiv: Central State Historical Arhive of Ukraine. Fund 1831. Inventory 1. File 6, 549 p.

Ilyasova A. V., 2011. Realii i perspektivy istorii povsednevnosti v rossiyskoy istoriografii [The Reality and Perspectives of the History of Everyday life in Russian Historiography]. Visnyk Kharkivsʼkoho natsionalʼnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Seriya "Istoriya" [Kharkov University bulletin. History], vol. 982, issue 44, pp. 30–40 (in Russian).

Kivalov, S., Muzychenko, P. and Panʼkov, A., eds., 2004. Statut Velykoho knyazivstva Lytovsʼkoho 1588 roku [The Statute of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1588]. In 2 books. In: Kivalov, S., ed., 2004. Statuty Velykoho knyazivstva Lytovsʼkoho [The Statutes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania]. In 3 vols. Odesa: Yurydychna literatura, vol. 3, book 2.

Kozyryev, V. K., comp., 1999. Polozhennya pro huberniyi. 7 hrudnya 1775 r. [Provinces Regulations. December 7, 1775]. In: Boyko, A., schoolar ed., 1999. Materialy do istoriyi administratyvnoho ustroyu Pivdennoyi Ukrayiny (druha polovyna XVIII – persha polovyna XIX stolittya) [Materials to history of administrative mode of South Ukraine (the second half of the 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries)]. Zaporizhzhya, pp. 4–90 (in Ukrainian).

Kolyastruk, O. A., 2007. Predmet istoriyi povsyakdennosti: istoriohrafichnyy ohlyad yoho stanovlennya u zarubizhniy ta vitchyznyaniy istorychniy nautsi [The subject of everyday life history: Historiographical review of its formation in foreign and domestic historical science]. Ukrayinsʼkyy istorychnyy zhurnal [Ukrainian Historical Journal], no. 1, pp. 174–184 (in Ukrainian).

Krom, M. M., 2003. Povsednevnostʼ kak predmet istoricheskogo issledovaniya (vmesto predisloviya) [Everyday Life as article of historical research as article of historical research (instead of preface)] Istoriya Povsednevnosti [History of Everyday Life]. Collection of scientific papers. St. Petersburg: European University Press, issue 3, pp. 7–14 (in Russian). Available at: [Accessed: 20.01.2019].

Masliychuk, V., 2007. Do istoriyi rodynnoyi konfliktnosti. Nasylʼstvo u rodyni na Livoberezhniy ta Slobidsʼkiy Ukrayini u druhiy polovyni XVIII st. [To the history of family conflict. Domestic violence in the Left Bank and Sloboda Ukraine in the second half of the XVIII century]. Sotsium. Alʼmanakh sotsialʼnoyi istoriyi [SOCIUM. Almanac of Social History], issue 7, pp. 243 – 264 (in Ukrainian).

Novomoskovskiy zemskiy sud, 1800–1810. Opisʼ del [Novomoskovsk Zemsky Court. Registry of cases]. Fund. 1684. Inventory 2. File 507. Dnipro: DADO.
Pankyeyev, O., comp., 2018. Rozpys sprav Katerynoslavsʼkoho namisnytstva: Dilovodstvo ta kantselyarsʼke chynovnytstvo [The Conduct of Official Business in the Katerynoslav Vicegerency: Office Procedure and Chancery Hierarchy] Kyiv: K. I. S. (in Ukraini-an).

Peredriyenko, V. A., 1987. Peredmova [The foreword]. In: Peredriyenko, V. A., 1987. Pryvatni lysty XVIII st. [Private letters of the 18th century]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, pp. 5–15 (in Ukrainian).

Po donosheniyu kremenchugskogo meshchanina Z. Revenka o zakhvate senokosnogo luga, prinadlezhavshego emu po nasledstvu dyadey ego registratorom M. Revenkom [According to the report of the Kremenchug tradesman Z. Revenko about the capture of the hay meadow, which belonged to him by inheritance by his uncle, his registrar M. Revenk], 1785. Fund 467. Inventory 1. File 3. Dnipro: DADO.

Po prosheniyu gubernskogo registratora Medya zheny Anny o ponuzhdenii ee muzha k otdache vzyatykh im u nee veshchey v rassuzhdenii, chto on ne zhelaet s neyu imetʼ zhitelʼstva [The property conflict of the registrar Medʼ and his wife Anna], 1795. Fund 209. Inventory 1. File 1239. Kyiv: TsDIAK Ukrainy.

Po prosheniyu pomeshchika mayora Lalasha o vzyskanii i… ob opredelenii chasti imeniya drugomu maloletnemu ee synu Nikolayu, prizhitomu uzhe s nim Lalashem [The inheritance case of K. Lalash and his son Nikolay], 1791–1792. Fund. 467. Inventory 1. File 13. Dnipro: DADO.

Po sooobshcheniyu verkhnego zemskogo suda, pri koem priprovozhdeny v Sovestnyy sud k suzhdeniyu krepostnye M. Zhukov, S. Frolov za znanie i neob"yavlenie ob ubiystve pomeshchika ikh Lisanevicha [The trial of underage participants killing the landowner], 1788. Fund 467. Inventory 1. File 10. Dnipro: DADO.

Po chelobitʼyu zhitelʼnitsy s. Kobelyaki Se-mentovskoy v otobranii ot ee brata poruchika ee nasledstvennoy zemli [The inheritance case of Se-mentovskaya], 1785. Fund 467. Inventory 1. File 4. Dnipro: DADO.

Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii [The complete collection of the laws of the Russian Empire], 1830. The 1st collection. St. Petersburg, vols. 20, 21, 22, 26.

Posunʼko O., 2017. Sudova dokumentatsiia yak dzherelo do istorii pryvatnykh knyzhkovykh zibran Pivdennoi Ukrainy ostannoi chverti ХVIII st. [Judicial documentation as sources as for History of Private Book Collections in South Ukraine the last quarter of 18th century]. Visnyk Kharkivsʼkoho natsionalʼnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Seriya "Istoriya" [Kharkov University bulletin. History], vol. 53, pp. 133–142 (in Ukrainian). Available at: [Accessed: 22.01.2019].

Raport ob uchrezhdenii dvoryanskoy opeki nad nesovershennoletnimi detʼmi umershego kapitana Stepana Maksimova; opisʼ imushchestva, prinadlezhvashego emu imeniya [Establishment of guardianship above the children of captain Maksimov], 1795. Fund 375. Inventory 2. File 46. Dnipro: DADO.

Reshenie i predlozhenie po delu o krestʼyanakh pomeshchika Stankovicha iz slobody Goloy Grushevki – S. Shupale v Samarskom i dr., trebovavshikh umenʼshenie povinnostey [Court decision about peasants that refused to carry out duties], 1800. Fund 859. Inventory 1. File 49. Dnipro: DADO.

Spornoe delo mezhdu bratom Manʼkom i ego sestrami po voprosu razdela nedvizhimogo imushchestva [Decision in the court of conflict for earth between a brother and sisters of Manko], 1796. Fund. 467. Inventory 1. File 23. Dnipro: DADO.

Starchenko, N. P., 2009. Deshcho pro spokusu dzherel ta pastky interpretatsiy (na prykladi sprav pro shlyakhet·sʼki nayizdy na Volyni naprykintsi XVI st. [Something about the temptation of sources and pitfalls of interpretation (for example, the cases of noble attacks in Volyn at the end of the sixteenth century]. Ukrayinsʼkyy istorychnyy zhurnal [Ukrainian History Journal], no. 6, pp. 165–182 (in Ukrainian).
How to Cite
POSUNKO, Olha M.. Information Characteristics for Judicative Documentation of the end the 18th – beginning of the 19th centuries for the Investigation of the History of Everyday Life in the Southern Ukraine. Universum Historiae et Archeologiae = The Universe of History and Archeology = Універсум історії та археології = Универсум истории и археологии ISSN 2664-9950 (Print) ISSN 2707-6385 (Online), [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 149–163, jan. 2020. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2020. doi:
Historiography. Source Study. Special Historical Disciplines