Cossack antiquities of Dnipropetrovsk region according to the research of the DNU expedition

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to analyze the materials of the monument of the period of the Ukrainian Cossacks – the Novosergievskaya fortress, which was recently investigated by the DNU expedition. Research methods: comparative-historical, typological, chronological, descriptive. Main results. Visual reconnaissance work was carried out on the territory of the inner square of the fortress and the territories adjacent to it. Novosergievskaya fortress is located on the outskirts of the Volnoye village, Novomoskovsk district, Dnipropetrovsk region. In our time, it has survived partly due to active anthropogenic activity in previous historical periods. During the visual survey, a collection of artifacts was collected in the amount of 100 units. They are represented by fragments of clay pottery (pots, bowls, plates, cups), box-shaped kahels, and small iron items. Two sites have been selected for excavation. The first included eight pits measuring 2 x 2 m. It was located not far from the bank of the Samara river. The stratigraphic situation is of the same type, artifacts are absent. The second section of three pits measuring 2 x 2 m occupied the edge of the northern bastion. On its square, the remains of a part of the dwelling – a dugout – were recorded. Near the entrance there are traces of a furnace in the form of a layer of ash. The inventory includes items that are similar to those found during a visual inspection of the fortress. According to the leading typological features, the complex dates back to the 17th and 18th centuries. Conclusions. The reconnaissance and excavations of the Novosergievskaya fortress proved its significance as a monument of the period of the Ukrainian Cossacks in the Dnipro region and the expediency of further field research. Practical significance: the published materials can be used in writing summarizing works on the problems of archeology of the 17th – 18th centuries. Ukraine. Scientific novelty: the cultural and chronological features of the archaeological site are determined. Type of article: analytical.

Author Biographies

Zoia Marina, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Ph. D. in History, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Historiography, Source Studies and Archival Studies, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine

Oleksandra Romashko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Ph. D. in History, Associate Professor at the Department of Historiography, Source Studies and Archival Studies, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine

References

Holubieva, I., 2007. Dva typy zhytel kozal’koi doby na Slobozhanschyni [Two types of inhabitants of the Cossack era in Slobozhanshchina]. Novi doslidzhennia pam’iatok kozats’koi doby v Ukraini [New researches of monuments of the Cossack era in Ukraine]. Kyiv: KhIK, Chasy kozats’ki, issue 16, pp. 71–75 (in Ukrainian).

Zelenin, D.  K., 1991. Vostochnoslavyanskaya etnografiya [East Slavic ethnography]. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Marina, Z.  P., 2002. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia Bohorodyts’koi fortetsi [Archaeological research of the Bogoroditsky Fortress]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovs’koho universytetu. Istoriia ta arkheolohiia [Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. History and archeology], issue 10, pp. 252–256 (in Ukrainian).

Marina, Z.  P., 2005. Typolohiia keramichnykh vyrobiv XVII–XVIII st. z terytorii Bohorodyts’koi fortetsi [Typology of ceramic products of the 17th – 18th centuries from the territory of the Bogoroditsky fortress]. Novi doslidzhennia pam’iatok kozats’koi doby v Ukraini [New researches of monuments of the Cossack era in Ukraine]. Kyiv: KhIK, Chasy kozats’ki, issue 14, pp. 55–60 (in Ukrainian).

Marina, Z.  P., and Romashko, V.  A., 2006. Materialy XVIII st. iz rozkopok v s. Mykolaivka na Dnipropetrovschyni [Materials on the 18th century from excavations in the Mykolayivka village in Dnipropetrovsk region]. Novi doslidzhennia pam’iatok kozats’koi doby v Ukraini [New researches of monuments of the Cossack era in Ukraine]. Kyiv: KhIK, Chasy kozats’ki, issue 15, pp. 47–52 (in Ukrainian).

Marina, Z., and Filimonov, D., 2008. Novi arkheolohichni materialy kozats’koi doby z Nyzhn’oho Prysamar”ia [New archeological materials of the Cossack era from the Lower Samara region]. Istoriia zaporoz’koho kozatstva: v pam’iatkakh ta muzejnij praktytsi [History of the Zaporozhian Cossacks: in monuments and museum practice]. Zaporizhzhia: Vydavets Hlazunov S. O. (in Ukrainian).

Marina, Z.  P., and Romashko, A.  V., 2011. Raskopki na territorii slobodyi XVII–XVIII vv. Kamenka Zadneprovskaya [Excavations on the territory of the settlement of the 17th – 18th centuries. Kamenka Zadneprovskaya]. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2010 [Archaeological research in Ukraine 2010]. Kyiv; Poltava (in Russian).

Romashko, O.  V., and Marina, Z.  P., 2016. Arkheolohichni rozvidky ekspedytsii DNU u ponyzzi Samary u 2015 r. [Archaeological explorations of the DNU expedition in the lower part of the Samara in 2015]. Arkheolohiia ta etnolohiia Pivdnia Skhidnoi Yevropy [Archeology and ethnology of Southern Eastern Europe]. Dnipro (in Ukrainian).

Filimonov, D., 2012. Novoserhiivs’ka fortetsia: malovidoma pam’iatka Prysamar’ia kintsia XVII – pochatku XVIII stolit’ [Novosergiyivska Fortress: a little-known monument of Prysamarya of the end of the 17th – beginning of the 18th centuries]. Novi doslidzhennia pam”iatok kozats’koi doby v Ukraini [New research of monuments of the Cossack era in Ukraine]. Kyiv: KhIK, Chasy kozats’ki, issue 21, part 2 (in Ukrainian).
Published
2022-07-21
How to Cite
MARINA, Zoia; ROMASHKO, Oleksandra. Cossack antiquities of Dnipropetrovsk region according to the research of the DNU expedition. Universum Historiae et Archeologiae, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 168–173, july 2022. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <http://uha.dp.ua/index.php/UHA/article/view/173>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/26210428.
Section
Archeology