The Case of the Director of the Kamіanskе museum of revolution I. Gavrilov in the context of soviet memory policy in the 1930s

Abstract

The aim of the article. On the basis of the archival investigative case of the director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Museum of Revolution, I.  I. Gavrilov, who was repressed in 1936, the formation of a memorial discourse about the revolutionary events of 1917 in the museums of revolution is investigated. Methods. In the course of the study, general scientific, historical and special methods are used. The first category is represented by historical, terminological, cognitive methods and axiological approach. Comparatively-historical, historical-typological, historical-systemic methods are used for historical methods. Special methods in the work are presented by methods of scientific critique of sources, textual and social psychology. The scientific novelty of the study is that for the first time the subject of historical research is the process of forming the historical memory of the October revolution of 1917 in the museum discourse of the 1930s. Main results. The archival and investigative case of the director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Museum of the Revolution was put into scientific circulation, which made it possible to complete the picture of the repressions of the 1930s in Dnipropetrovsk region, to reveal the challenges facing museum workers during the terror. It is proved that in order to form historical memory of the revolutionary events of 1917, restrictions were imposed on the source base for the research and popularization of museums, records of oral history were strictly controlled, and expositions were checked. The basis of the Revolution Museums was the concept of the Great October and the Civil War, aimed at creating mythologized historical memory in order to legitimize Bolshevik power. It is established that with the onset of great terror, museums were faced with new challenges and prohibitions when the interpretation of events and the presentation of particular persons in the exposition required an urgent correction of museum work. On the example of the fate of the director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Museum of Revolution, the formation of the ideological foundations of a totalitarian state is illuminated, when any deviation from the basic tenets was severely punished. The article is recommended for use in writing works on both the history of the repression of the 1930s and the history of museum work. Type of article: descriptive.

Author Biography

Nataliia Bulanova, Museum of the History of Kamіаnske

Ph. D. in History, director of Kamianske History Museum, Kamianske, Ukraine

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Published
2022-07-19
How to Cite
BULANOVA, Nataliia. The Case of the Director of the Kamіanskе museum of revolution I. Gavrilov in the context of soviet memory policy in the 1930s. Universum Historiae et Archeologiae, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 109–118, july 2022. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <http://uha.dp.ua/index.php/UHA/article/view/167>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/26210424.
Section
History of Ukraine