Object and subject of historical research in the coordinate system of traditional logic
The purpose of the article is to clarify the logical basis of the substantive distinction between the object and the subject of historical research.
Research methods: analysis, synthesis, abstraction, definition of concepts, limitations and generalizations, hermeneutic, comparative.
The main results: the problems of determining the content of the concepts of the object and subject of knowledge, historical science and specific historical research, as well as the substantive distinction between the object and subject of historical research are defined; the state of solving the problem by scientists at this stage is criticized; the concept of history and the object of historical knowledge are meaningfully connected; the logical content of the object and subject of historical research is determined; logical relationship between the object and the subject of historical research is established; three types of relations between the object and the subject of historical research are revealed; the necessity to apply the methods and rules of traditional logic in determining the object and subject of historical research is proved; some specific features of historical science as a kind of historical knowledge are highlighted.
Practical significance: the results of the research can be used in understanding the theoretical and methodological foundations of specific historical research, especially in dissertations, as well as in the development of appropriate educational and methodological courses at historical faculties and during preparation of students’ research papers.
Originality: the work is completely original, it contains a critique of a number of works on the definition of the object and subject of research; it has elements of scientific reasoning and logical analysis.
Scientific novelty: the author’s interpretation of the meaningful distinction between the object and the subject of historical research is offered.
Type of article: theoretical and methodological, analytical.
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