Eneolithic Bronze Age mound near the village of Katerynivka in the Middle Prisamarye

Abstract

The purpose is to analyse the materials of the mound near Katerynivka in the Petropavlivsky raiion of the Dnipropetrovska oblast studied by the expedition of the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University in 2016. Research methods: descriptive, typological, chronological, comparative historical. Main results. The mound construction and 13 burial complexes of the Eneolithic – Bronze Age are analyzed. At the time of the excavations, the mound located on the edge of the high root cape of the Samara River was significantly damaged due to anthropogenic activity. There are difficult ritual actions in the main Eneolithic burial № 9. The tomb has stone mortgage and cromlech with diameter on the Nord-South direction equal 5.2 m. The skeleton of an adult is stretched out on his back, head to the South. The chalk sprinkling is fixed on the bottom. The miniature molded pot from the main Eneolithic tomb № 9 belongs to ceramics of the Zhyvotylivsky culture type. Tombs no. 2–8, 10, 13 belong to Yamna culture. Rectangular tombs are made with the use of wood in the floor. Plant litter and ocher is found in the bottom of the graves. The skeletons are bent at the back, oriented in the western semicircle (two cenotaphs). Two tombs are without skeletons. Concomitant equipment includes an egg-shaped pot and a flint chip. For some of the burials, backfilling was carried out mainly in the southern direction (to the edge of the cape), which necessitated the strengthening of the embankment in the form of a stone lining up to 3.5 m wide with small stones in this direction. Tomb no. 12 belong to the Catacomb culture. It is located in a tomb with a round entrance well and an oval chamber attached to it. The skeleton of a young man or a young woman lay twisted on the right side, head to the northeast. The remains of a lamellar bronze bracelet are on the ankle of the right leg. Log burials (no. 1, 11) are represented by skeletons bent on the right side in the northeast and northwest orientation. The ceramic is represented poorly. Conclusions. The ancient mound was built in the Eneolithic period. Other constructions represent different periods of the Bronze Age. Practical meaning: the published materials can be used in generalizing research of the problems of archeology of the Eneolithic – Bronze Age of Ukraine. Scientific novelty: cultural and chronological features of the mound near Katerynivka in the Petropavlivsky raiion in the Dnipropetrovska oblast are determined. Type of article: analytical.

Author Biography

Zoia Marina, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Ph. D. in History, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Historiography, Source Studies and Archival Studies, Faculty of History, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

References

Kovaleva, I. F., 1978. Pogrebeniya “zhivotilovskogo” tipa v Prisamare [The tombs of the Zhyvotylivsky type in the Samara region]. Kurgannyie drevnosti Stepnogo Podneprovya III–I tys. do n. e. [The barrows antiquity in the Step Dnipro Region at the III–I millennium BC]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 46–54 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 1979. “Vytyanutyie” pogrebeniya Dneprovskogo areala Volgo-Dneprovskoy kulturno-istoricheskoy obschnosti epohi eneolita ["Elongated" burials of the Dnieper area of the Volga-Dnieper cultural and historical community of the Eneolithic era]. Kurgannyie drevnosti Stepnogo Podneprovya III–I tys. do n. e. [The barrows antiquity in the Step Dnipro Region at the III–I millennium BC]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 61–80 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 1982. Katakombnyie pogrebeniya Orelsko-Samarskogo mezhdurechya [Catacomb burials of the Orel-Samara interfluve]. Drevnosti Stepnogo Podneprovya (III–I tys. do n. e.) [Antiquities of the Steppe Dnieper (ІІІ-І millennium BC)]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 35–45 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 1984. Sever Stepnogo Podneprovya v eneolite‑bronzovom veke [The Northern Black Sea Region in the Eneolithic – Bronze Age]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 1991. Pogrebeniya s maykopskim inventarem v Levoberezhye Dnepra (k vyideleniyu zhivotilovskogo kulturnogo tipa) [Tombs with Maikops type inventory in the Left Bank of the Dnipro (by problems excretion Zhyvotylivsky culture type)]. Problemy arheologii Podneprovya [Problems of archaeology of the Dnipro region]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 69–88 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 1999. Etnokulturnaya situatsiya v severostepnom Pridneprove IV–I polovinyi III tys. do n. e. [Ethnocultural situation in the Northern Steppe Dnipro at the IV–I half of the III millennium BC]. Materialy mizhnarodnoi arkheolohichnoi konferentsii “Etnichna istoriia ta kultura naselennia Stepu ta Lisostepu Yevrazii (vid kamianoho viku do serednovichchia)” [Proceedings of the International Archaeological Conference "Ethnic History and Culture of the Eurasian Steppe and Forest-Steppe Population (from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages)"]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 31–51 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., 2001. K vydeleniyu territorialnyh grupp v postmariupolskoy kulture [By selection of the territorial group of the postmariupol culture]. XV Arheologicheskoe soveschanie. Tezisyi dokladov mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii [The XV Archeology congruence. The conference of Archeology. Articles of the inter-university scientific conference]. Orenburg: OOO “Orenburgskaya guberniya”, pp. 81–83 (in Russian).

Kovaleva, I. F., Maryna, Z. P., Romashko, V. A., et al., 2003. Kurganyi eneolita – bronzy v Krivorozhskom techenii Ingultsa [The borrows on the Eneolithic – Bronze Age in the Kryvorozhsks part of the Ynhults river]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU (in Russian).

Maryna, Z. P., 1978. Periodizatsiya i hronologiya pogrebeniy yamnoy kulturyi v mezhdureche Oreli i Samaryi [Periodization and chronology of Yamnay tombs in the region between Samara and Orel]. Kurgannyie drevnosti Stepnogo Podneprovya III–I tyis. do n. e. [The barrows antiquity in the Step Dnipro Region III–I thousands b. c.]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 55–69 (in Russian).

Maryna, Z. P., 1980. Levoberezhnyiy variant drevneyamnoy kulturno-istoricheskoy obschnosti [The variant of the ancient Yamnay culture historical society]. Kurhany Stepnoho Podneprovia [The barrows antiquity in the Step Dnipro Region]. Dnepropetrovsk : DNU, pp. 63–68 (in Russian).

Maryna, Z. P., 1996. K voprosu ob etnoistoricheskoy situatsii v Levoberezhnom Predstepe v eneolite-bronzovom veke [By question of the ethnic situation in the Left Bank Steppe in the Eneolithic – Bronze Age]. Mizhnarodni zviazky narodiv Yevropy. Materialy naukovoi konferentsii [International links folksin the Europe. Materials of scientific conference]. Zaporizhzhia : RA Tandem-U, pp. 140–142 (in Russian).

Maryna, Z. P., 2002. K voprosu o vostochnyih elementah v yamnoy kulture Levoberezhnoy Ukrainyi [By question of East elements in Yamnaj culture in the Left Bank Ukraine]. Problemyi arheologii Evrazii. K 80‑letiyu N. Ya. Merperta [Problems of the archeology of Eurasia. To the 80th anniversary of N. Ya. Merpert]. Moscow: IA RAN (in Russian).

Nykolova, A. V., and Rassamakyn, Y. Y., 1985. O pozdneeneoliticheskih pamyatnikah Pravoberezhya Dnepra [About Neolitical oldest materials in the Right Bank of the Dniper]. Sovetskaya arheologiya [Soviet archeology], no. 3, pp. 37–56 (in Russian).

Teslenko, D. L., 2005. O postmariupolskih/kvityanskih pogrebeniyah v kamennyih grobnitsah [About postmariupol/kvityansk antiquities in the stone tomb]. Drevnosti [Antiquities]. Harkov: HGU, pp. 130–142 (in Russian).

Chernyih, L. A., and Daragan, M. N., 2014. Kurganyi epohi eneolita – bronzyi mezhdurechya Bazavluka, Solenoy, Chertomlyika [Barrows Eneolit‑Bronza period in the region between Bazavluk, Solenoy, Chertomlyik]. Kiev: Izdatel Oleg Filyuk (in Russian).

Yavornitskiy, D. I., 1907. Raskopki kurganov v predelah Ekaterinoslavskoy gubernii [Excavation of burial mounds within the Yekaterinoslav province]. Moscow, vol. 1, pp. 141–152 (in Russian).
Published
2022-01-01
How to Cite
MARINA, Zoia. Eneolithic Bronze Age mound near the village of Katerynivka in the Middle Prisamarye. Universum Historiae et Archeologiae, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 173–182, jan. 2022. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <http://uha.dp.ua/index.php/UHA/article/view/128>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/26210415.
Section
Archeology