Rural memoirs of Southern Ukraine of the 20th century : prosopographic approach

Abstract

The aim : to consider the application of prosopographic approaches in the study of biographies of authors of peasant memoirs in order to identify common features that laid the conditions for the emergence of memoir practices among the peasants of the Southern Ukraine in the 20th century; to analyze the potential of prosopography for researching general processes. The article considers the application of the prosopographic method to the study of biographies of authors of peasant memoirs in order to identify common features that created conditions for the emergence of memoir practices among the peasants of southern Ukraine in the twentieth century. Modern historical science suggests that individuals having their own little life stories are present behind all processes and events. New directions and principles of historical research are becoming increasingly important. The prosopographic method is one of them. Under prosopography we understand the scientific method of studying individual biographies of authors of historical sources in order to create a “collective biography” of a certain social group on their basis. Methods: analytical, historical, comparative, system-structural. The article author uses methods of specific scientific activity, empirical research and general logic. Practical meaning: recommended for use by scholars for historical research; provides opportunities for the use of this issue in theoretical and methodological and source studies. Originality: research, in particular on the choice of research source base and methodology of its analysis. Scientific novelty: creation of a collective portrait of a peasant author of a memoir source. Conclusions: on the basis of the analysis with the involvement of prosopographic research methods we have the opportunity to create a conditional collective portrait of a peasant of the Southern Ukraine of the twentieth century, the author of the memoir. When creating a “biography” of a peasant author, the following features are distinguished: common social origin, primary education, teaching and educational skills, psychological characteristics, propensity for creative activity, external influences. The materials collected by the researchers from the Zaporizhzhia branch of the NASU Institute of Ukrainian Archaeography and Source Studies named after M. S. Hrushevsky and the History Faculty of the Zaporizhzhia National University and published as a part of collections titled “Sources on the History of the Southern Ukraine”, “Antiquities of the Southern Ukraine” and “Ascension Antiquities”, are used as sources in the analysis. The purpose of the current investigation is to identify the causes and conditions that prompted particular peasants of the Southern Ukraine to create their own historical narrative – memoirs. Another goal is to create a “collective portrait” of an average author using prosopographic methods. The article investigates through the analysis of biographies the background of peasant authors, which singled them out from the general mass of peasants. It also highlights an “average author” as a “historical figure” and analyzes his attribution to a particular era, place, social group and culture. The use of prosopographic methods in the study of biographies of Southern Ukrainian peasants, who distinguished themselves by creating their own memoirs, allows to determine those aspects of the era and the position of the little man who chose to create their own historical excursions contrary to general trends and understanding the risks of totalitarian system. The creation of prosopographical (collective biographies) portraits of peasant authors is a very important component of the reproduction of general processes that created the conditions for the emergence of peasant narrative sources. The author tries to highlight the modern era in all its aspects through the prism of individual biographies and works of peasant authors. Type of article: scientific and theoretical.

Author Biography

Оleksii Alekseev, Zaporizhzhia National University

Master of History, Ph. D. student, History Department of Source Studies and Special Historical Disciplines, Zaporizhzhia National University

References

Popovich, O. V., 2011. Prosopohrafiia yak metod doslidzhennia kultury slipykh kobzariv [Prosopography as a method of studying the culture of blind kobzars]. Visnyk Mariupolskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia: filosofiia, kultorolohiia, sotsiolohiia [Bulletin of Mariupol State University. Series: philosophy, culturology, sociology]. Mariupol, issue 2 (in Ukrainian).

Chubina, T. D., 2009. Prosopohrafiia yak metod doslidzhennia kozatsko-starshynskykh rodiv [Prosopography as a method of research of Cossack-sergeant families]. Naukovi pratsi istorychnoho fakultetu Zaporizkoho natsionalnoho universytetu [Scientific works of the historical faculty of Zaporizhia National University]. Zaporizhzhia, issue 26 (in Ukrainian).

Grigorkin, V. A., 2007. Novoe kontseptualnoe napravlenie issledovaniya kulturnogo naslediya [A new conceptual direction for the study of cultural heritage]. Available at: http://izvestia.asu.ru/2007/4–2/hist/TheNewsOfASU-2007–4–2-hist-08.pdf [Accessed: 18.01.2021] (in Russian).

Heiders, W., und Weltkrieg, E., 2014. Aufzeichnungen aus Feldzug und Lazarett. Buch. Softcover, 120 p. Available at: http://www.beck-shop.de/Storz-Wilhelm-Heiders-Erster-Weltkrieg/product/13914611? [Accessed: 21.01. 2021] (in Germany).

“Mutters Kriegstagebuch“. Die Aufzeichnungen der Antonia Helming 1914–1922, 2005, Rückblick, Band 3, 348 p. Available at: https://is.gd/GGSjhR [Accessed: 21.01.2021] (in Germany).

Salo Serhii, 2014. Spohady (1899–1946 rr.) [Memoirs (1899–1946 years)]. In: Bilivnenko, S., and Moldavska, T., comps, 2014. Starozhytnosti Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Antiquities of Southern Ukraine]. Kyiv, issue 24 (in Ukrainian).

Mykhailo Aleksieiev, 2005. Spomyny. Memuary ta shchodennykyм [Memoirs. Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine] Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 2 (in Ukrainian).

Moldavska, T., comp., 2015. “Soldat svoiei Batkivshchyny”. Spohady Ivana Marusenka [The Soldier of his Homeland. Memoirs of Ivan Marusenko]. Starozhytnosti Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Antiquities of Southern Ukraine]. Kyiv, issue 25 (in Ukrainian).

Mykola Molodyk, 2005. Spomyny. Memuary ta shchodennykyм [Memoirs. Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine]. Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 1 (in Ukrainian).

Serhii Tsipko, 2005. Spomyny. Memuary ta shchodennykyм [Memoirs. Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine] Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 2 (in Ukrainian).

Konshyn, D., 2008. Rasskaz o svoei zhyzni … [A story about your life …] / Preface S. Shevchuk. Zaporizhzhia (in Ukrainian).

Vasyl Rubel, 2005. Istoriia… [History…]. Memuary ta shchodennyky [Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine]. Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 1 (in Ukrainian).

Oleksandr Zamriia, 2005. Zapovit svoiemu pokolinniu… [A testament to his generation …]. Memuary ta shchodennyky [Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine]. Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 1 (in Ukrainian).

Ivan Yaroshenko, 2005. Shchodennyk [Diary]. Memuary ta shchodennyky [Memoirs and diaries]. The 1st part. In: Boiko, A, and Plokhii, S., comps, 2005. Dzherela z istorii Pivdennoi Ukrainy [Sources on the history of Southern Ukraine]. Zaporizhzhia, vol. 5, book 1 (in Ukrainian).

Mykhailova I. Yu., 2017. Rozvytok pensiinoho zakonodavstva v SRSR u pisliavoiennyi period [Development of pension legislation in the USSR in the postwar period]. Universytetski naukovi zapysky [University scientific notes], no. 63, pp. 193–203 (in Ukrainian).
Published
2021-12-25
How to Cite
ALEKSEEV, Оleksii. Rural memoirs of Southern Ukraine of the 20th century : prosopographic approach. Universum Historiae et Archeologiae = The Universe of History and Archeology = Універсум історії та археології = Универсум истории и археологии ISSN 2664-9950 (Print) ISSN 2707-6385 (Online), [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 147–155, dec. 2021. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <http://uha.dp.ua/index.php/UHA/article/view/126>. Date accessed: 18 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/26210402.
Section
Historiography. Source Study. Special Historical Disciplines