Everyday life of local police officers in Kyiv region during the Nazi occupation (1941–1943)

Household and socio-professional aspects

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to identify the features of daily life of the local police officers of the Reichсommissariat Ukraine (hereinafter – the RCU), their socio-professional status. Research methods: analytical, synthetic, historical-chronological, comparative-historical, logical. Main results. The example of the RCU examines the problem of the daily life of local police officers in their everyday, social, professional and psychological dimensions. At the systemic level, the everyday aspects of daily routine of local police officers and their place in the system of social relations of that time are clarified. Typical models of behavior of policemen of RCU are distinguished in their relationships with local society. Examples of the participation of Ukrainian police officers both in persecution and in helping people who were victims of Nazi repression are given. The fact of increase of destructive phenomena in moral and psychological moods of local police officers of the RCU is established. Scientific novelty. For the first time the daily life of RCU police officers is analyzed in detail, their place in the system of social relations and model of behavior in the course of fulfilling their professional duties are determined. Practical importance. The study identifies typical social behavior patterns of persons who in occupation conditions were employed by local police and were directly accomplishing the goals and objectives of Nazi occupation policy. The originality of the study is based on the identification and analytical and synthetic processing of previously unknown archival sources of the Soviet special services. Type of article: research.

Author Biographies

Оleksii Hоncharenko, State higher education institution “Pereyaslav‑Khmelnytsky State Pedagogical University named by Grigory Skovoroda”

Sc. D. in History, Professor, Professor of the Department of History and Culture of Ukraine, State Higher Educational Institution "Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky State Pedagogical University named after Grigory Skovoroda"

Oleksandr Potyl’chak, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University

Sc. D. in History, Professor, Head of department of Original and Special Historical Sciences of the Faculty of History, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University

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Sledstvennoe delo po obvynenyiu Safian A. A. v prestuplenyy predusmotrennom st. 54‑1 “a” UK USSR
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Sledstvennoe delo po obvynenyiu Fedorenko A. T. v prestuplenyy predusmotrennom st. 54‑1 “b” UK USSR [Investigation case on the charges of Fedorenko A. T. in the crime provided by Art. 54‑1 “b” of the Criminal Code of the USSR]. File 64047. Fund 5. Kyiv: HDA SBU (in Russian).

Sledstvennoe delo po obvynenyiu Dubchak V. Y. v prestuplenyy predusmotrennom st. 54‑1 “b” UK USSR [Investigation case on the charges of Dubchak V. I. in the crime provided by Art. 54‑1 “b” of the Criminal Code of the USSR]. File 64235. Fund 5. Kyiv: HDA SBU (in Russian).

Sledstvennoe delo po obvynenyiu Nakonechnoho P. Y. v prestuplenyy predusmotrennom st. 54‑1 “a” UK USSR [The investigation into the charges of Nakonechniy P. I. in the crime provided by Art. 54‑1 “a” of the Criminal Code of the USSR]. File 64790. Fund 5. Kyiv: HDA SBU (in Russian).

Sledstvennoe delo po obvynenyiu Klymenka L. P. v prestuplenyy predusmotrennom st. 54‑1 “a” UK USSR [The investigation into the charges of Klimenko L. P. in a crime under Art. 54‑1 “a” of the Criminal Code of the UK USSR]. File 75085-FP. Fund 6. Kyiv: HDA SBU (in Russian).
Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
HОNCHARENKO, Оleksii; POTYL’CHAK, Oleksandr. Everyday life of local police officers in Kyiv region during the Nazi occupation (1941–1943). Universum Historiae et Archeologiae = The Universe of History and Archeology = Універсум історії та археології = Универсум истории и археологии ISSN 2664-9950 (Print) ISSN 2707-6385 (Online), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 121–137, dec. 2020. ISSN 2707-6385. Available at: <http://uha.dp.ua/index.php/UHA/article/view/102>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/26200211.
Section
History of Ukraine